Lumbar microdiscectomy

lumbar microdiscectomy

Lumbar microdiscectomy

Lumbar microdiscectomy is a surgical procedure to treat herniated lumbar discs, causing lower back pain, sciatica, and neurological symptoms. It removes the bulging disc, minimizes disruption, and promotes faster recovery. Typically performed outpatient, it provides immediate relief from leg pain and nerve compression symptoms. Improvement may require physical therapy. Consult a healthcare professional for appropriate treatment.


  1. Minimally Invasive: Lumbar microdiscectomy is a minimally invasive, specialized procedure reducing trauma, pain, and recovery.
  2. Effective Symptom Relief: Lumbar microdiscectomy alleviates sciatica, leg pain, numbness, weakness.
  3. Shorter Hospital Stay: Lumbar microdiscectomy procedures are typically outpatient, reducing hospital stays and providing comfort during recovery..
  4. Faster Recovery: Minimally invasive procedure offers faster recovery, enabling patients to resume light activities and gradually increase physical activity as directed.
  5. Reduced Risk of Complications: Lumbar microdiscectomy uses precision to minimize tissue damage, reducing complications like infection and bleeding.
  6. Long-Term Relief: Lumbar microdiscectomy removes herniated disc material, providing lasting relief from pain and discomfort, enabling patients to regain quality of life and engage in activities they may have avoided.
  7. Improved Mobility: Lumbar microdiscectomy improves mobility and daily tasks by alleviating nerve compression and pain, removing limitations caused by herniated disc symptoms.
  8. Less Scarring: Lumbar microdiscectomy uses a small incision, resulting in smaller scars and improved cosmetic outcomes.


Procedure performed under general anesthesia, requiring unconsciousness and facedown position, resulting in no sensation. The process goes as follows:

  • Incision made over disc, 1-inch wide, directly over affected area.
  • A lighted microscope aids surgeons in examining affected areas..
  • Surgeon may remove bone protecting root nerve.
  • Surgeon uses scissor-like tool to remove damaged herniated tissue, reducing nerve pressure.
  • Incision closed with sutures.
  • Patient discharged the same day or morning.
  • Spinal nerve now occupies proper space in spinal column, preventing pinching-induced pain.


  • Dural tear in 1 to 7 percent of surgeries
  • nerve root damage
  • recurrent disc herniation
  • bowel/bladder incontinence (very rare)
  • bleeding
  • infection

Post-Operative Care:

Following the procedure, patients may engage in light physical activity and therapy sessions for healing. The surgeon will provide guidelines for optimal recovery. Most individuals experience relief within weeks and continue to improve over the following months.


Lumbar microdiscectomy is a minimally invasive spinal surgery method for treating lumbar disc herniation, aiming for precision pain relief and faster recovery. Consult a healthcare professional to determine the best treatment plan for your specific condition.


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Sanyra Hospital is a leading Multi-Speciality Hospital in Kengeri Bangalore and diagnostic centre. With a commitment to providing high-quality healthcare services, it offers a wide range of medical specialties and advanced diagnostic facilities to meet the diverse healthcare needs of the community. We have dedicated urology center & dialysis center.

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