Ophthalmology is the medical discipline focused on diagnosing and treating eye and visual system conditions. Ophthalmologists are physicians with advance.d training who provide complete eye care services, including medical, surgical, optical and other types of services to their clients


Routine Eye Exams: Ophthalmologists provide thorough eye exams designed to assess visual acuity, prescribe corrective lenses (glasses or contact lenses), and detect common conditions like myopia (nearsightedness), hyperopia (farsightedness), astigmatism, and presbyopia (having difficulty focusing on near objects as one ages).


Treatment of Eye Diseases: Ophthalmologists specialize in diagnosing and managing eye conditions of all sorts, such as those listed below.

  • Cataracts: Clouding of the eye’s natural lens.
  • Glaucoma: Increased intraocular pressure that can lead to optic nerve damage and vision loss.
  • Macular degeneration: A leading cause of vision loss in older adults.
  • Retinal diseases: Such as diabetic retinopathy and retinal detachments.
  • Corneal diseases: Conditions affecting the transparent front surface of the eye.
  • Conjunctivitis (pink eye): Inflammation of the eye’s outer membrane.
  • Eye Surgery: Ophthalmologists specialize in performing various surgical procedures to treat eye conditions. Common procedures include cataract removal, refractive surgery (i.e. LASIK), cornea transplantation, glaucoma surgery and retinal procedures.
  • Pediatric Ophthalmology: Pediatric ophthalmologists specialize in diagnosing and treating eye conditions in children such as strabismus (crossed eyes), amblyopia (lazy eye) or pediatric glaucoma.
  • Neuro-Ophthalmology: Neuro-ophthalmologists specialize in diagnosing and treating conditions affecting both eyes and minds simultaneously, such as optic nerve disorders, visual field defects and double vision.
  • Oculoplastic Surgery: Oculoplastic surgeons specialize in procedures designed to correct issues related to eyelids, orbits and tear ducts – including surgery like Blepharoplasty for eyelid malposition correction as well as cosmetic enhancement procedures.
  • Refractive Surgery: Ophthalmologists who specialize in refractive surgery offer procedures like LASIK, PRK and implantable contact lenses in order to correct refractive errors and reduce or even eliminate glasses and contact lenses from daily wear.


Ophthalmologists practice in various settings, from private practices and hospitals to clinics. They frequently collaborate with optometrists specializing in primary eye care who may refer patients for further medical or surgical treatments from an ophthalmologist. Routine eye exams with an ophthalmologist are essential in maintaining eye health, early disease detection and vision preservation.


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