Oncology is the study, diagnosis, treatment and prevention of cancer. As such it entails various subspecialties each tailored specifically towards specific aspects of cancer care.

Role of Oncologist:

Oncologists specialize in cancer diagnosis, treatment and management; thus playing an essential role. Oncologists take an integral part in:

  • Cancer Diagnosis: Oncologists specialize in diagnosing all forms, stages and characteristics of cancer through biopsies, imaging studies, laboratory testing procedures or even biopsy samples taken directly.
  • Treatment Planning: Once cancer diagnosis has been made, oncologists design tailored treatment plans based on multiple considerations such as type, stage, patient health conditions and personal preferences for care.
  • Cancer Treatment: Oncologists specialize in various cancer treatment modalities, such as surgery, chemotherapy, radiation therapy, immunotherapy and targeted therapy; using one or a combination as appropriate for each individual’s unique requirements.
  • Palliative Care: Oncologists also offer palliative care services to improve symptoms and quality of life for cancer patients residing in hospice. Their focus includes pain control, emotional support and controlling symptoms.
  • Cancer Prevention and Early Detection: Oncologists play an active role in cancer prevention efforts through screenings, genetic counseling, and lifestyle recommendations to lower cancer risks.
  • Clinical Trials: Oncologists often participate and conduct clinical trials as an effective means of testing new cancer therapies and research; contributing towards cancer care advancement as a whole.

Cancer Treatment:

Oncologists specialize in diagnosing and treating various forms of cancer, such as, but not limited to: Breast Cancer: an aggressive form of breast tissue cancer most frequently occurring among women but sometimes also male patients.

  • Lung Cancer: Lung cancer has long been associated with tobacco usage and remains one of the primary causes of cancer-related deaths worldwide.
  • Colorectal Cancer: Colorectal cancer refers to cancers of both the colon and rectoceles that may be detected through routine screenings.
  • Leukemia: Leukemia refers to several cancerous conditions that slowly destroy bone marrow and blood over an extended period, typically over years or decades.
  • Hodgkin’s and Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma: Lymphatic cancer takes many forms; Hodgkin’s Lymphoma (HL), non-Hodgkin Lymphoma and multiple myeloma involve lymph vessels within lymph nodes developing cancerous lesions which manifest themselves directly or via their carrier vessels as cancer.
  • Melanoma: Melanoma is an aggressive form of skin cancer which must be diagnosed and treated promptly to limit further spread. Early intervention and diagnosis play an invaluable role.
  • Gastrointestinal Cancers: Gastrointestinal cancers cover cancers of the digestive system such as stomach, liver, pancreas and esophageal.
  • Gynecological Cancers: Gynecological cancers encompass any cancer arising in any part of the female reproductive system such as ovarian, cervical or uterine cancer.
  • Brain and Central Nervous System Tumors: Tumors that develop anywhere along the central nervous system such as cancer of either the brain or spinal cord are considered central nervous system tumors.


Oncologists collaborate as part of a multidisciplinary team with surgeons, radiologists, pathologists and other healthcare providers in providing cancer patients with comprehensive healthcare services. Thanks to them, cancer patients now enjoy comprehensive cancer healthcare solutions.


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Sanyra Hospital is a leading Multi-Speciality Hospital in Kengeri Bangalore and diagnostic centre. With a commitment to providing high-quality healthcare services, it offers a wide range of medical specialties and advanced diagnostic facilities to meet the diverse healthcare needs of the community. We have dedicated urology center & dialysis center.

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