Nephrology, or kidney medicine, is a specialized branch of healthcare dedicated to studying, diagnosing and treating diseases of the kidney. Nephrologists who practice in this area of healthcare are specially trained in understanding its intricate workings as well as any conditions or disorders affecting these vital organs.


Role of Nephrologists:

Role of Nephrologists: Nephrologists are specialists who play an instrumental part in managing kidney health, with various duties including;

  • Diagnosis and Evaluation: Nephrologists diagnose kidney diseases by reviewing medical histories, conducting physical exams, and interpreting laboratory analyses, including blood and urine analyses.
  • Hypertension Management: High blood pressure can be both the source and result of kidney disease. Nephrologists specialize in managing hypertension’s effects on kidney health.
  • Nephrolithiasis (Kidney Stones): Our physicians diagnose and treat kidney stones, solid deposits of minerals and salts found within the urinary tract.
  • Autoimmune Kidney Disorders: Nephrologists specialize in managing autoimmune conditions that impact kidneys, such as Lupus Nephritis.

Common Kidney Problems Treated by Nephrologists:

Nephrologists provide treatment for an array of kidney-related ailments, including but not limited to Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD). This progressive condition leads to gradual decreases in kidney function due to diabetes, hypertension or other causes; treatment typically includes diet modifications and drug therapy to maintain part of the kidneys.

  • Acute Kidney Injury (AKI): Sudden and temporary kidney dysfunction caused by dehydration, infections or medications.
  • Polycystic Kidney Disease (PKD): Polycystic Kidney Disease is an inherited disorder marked by cyst formation on kidneys that can eventually lead to their damage and necessitate transplant.
  • Glomerulonephritis: Glomerulus-related kidney inflammation caused by infection, autoimmunity or any other causes can result in inflammation that leads to disease of kidney filtering units, resulting in inflammation that inflames them and ultimately requires surgery for correction.
  • Hematuria: When blood is present in urine samples, this could indicate kidney or urinary tract problems.
  • Nephrolithiasis (Kidney Stones): Depositions that form inside your kidneys that cause severe discomfort and require medical intervention to manage.
  • Nephrotic Syndrome: Symptoms of kidney damage include proteinuria (excess protein in urine) and edema (swelling).
  • End-Stage Kidney Disease (ESKD): End-stage kidney Disease is the final phase of kidney disease and often necessitates dialysis or transplant surgery as treatment options to ensure survival.


Nephrologists work collaboratively with a multidisciplinary team of nurses, dietitians and social workers to provide comprehensive care to those diagnosed with kidney diseases, furthermore, when issues related to other conditions – like heart disease or diabetes – arise that require treatment as well.


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Sanyra Hospital is a leading Multi-Speciality Hospital in Kengeri Bangalore and diagnostic centre. With a commitment to providing high-quality healthcare services, it offers a wide range of medical specialties and advanced diagnostic facilities to meet the diverse healthcare needs of the community. We have dedicated urology center & dialysis center.

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