Prostate Enlargement

prostate cancer

Prostate Enlargement

An enlarged prostate, also known as BPH, is a noncancerous prostate gland increase affecting most men as they age. It can cause symptoms like frequent urination, difficulty starting, weak stream, inability to urinate, or loss of bladder control. Risk factors include family history, obesity, type 2 diabetes, insufficient exercise, and erectile dysfunction. Treatment options include lifestyle changes, medications, procedures, and surgery. Mild symptoms may require weight loss, exercise, and decreasing caffeine intake. More significant symptoms may require alpha blockers or finasteride. Surgical removal of part of the prostate may be considered. Some herbal medicines, such as saw palmetto, have not been shown to help. BPH typically begins after 40, with half of males affected by 50 and over.

BPH, or prostate enlargement, affects older men and is caused by hormone changes, particularly DHT increase. It’s non-cancerous and doesn’t increase prostate cancer risk. Genetics, lifestyle, and environmental factors may contribute.


Prostate enlargement is linked to aging, with prevalence increasing with age. By age 60, 50% of men develop prostate enlargement (BPH), increasing to 90% by age 85. Hormonal changes, genetics, lifestyle factors, and health conditions like diabetes and heart disease increase the risk. Prostatitis, a chronic inflammation, may contribute to BPH development, causing frequent urination, difficulty starting, incomplete emptying, and urinary retention, potentially leading to medical emergencies.


Prostate enlargement symptoms include frequent urination, difficulty starting, incomplete bladder emptying, urge to urinate, dribbling, and urinary retention, potentially leading to a medical emergency.


Healthcare providers conduct diagnostic tests to assess the prostate gland’s size, shape, and texture. They may also perform a digital rectal examination, urinalysis, PSA test, and Tran’s rectal ultrasound to check for blood or infection.


  • Prostate enlargement treatment depends on the patient’s quality of life and severity of symptoms. Treatment include watchful waiting, medications, and minimally invasive procedures.
  • The treatment are transurethral resection, laser therapy, or TUIP, surgery.
  • Lifestyle changes like exercise, balanced diet, and limiting caffeine and alcohol intake can treat prostate enlargement, alleviate BPH symptoms, and improve patient quality of life.


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Sanyra Hospital is a leading Multi-Speciality Hospital in Kengeri Bangalore and diagnostic centre. With a commitment to providing high-quality healthcare services, it offers a wide range of medical specialties and advanced diagnostic facilities to meet the diverse healthcare needs of the community. We have dedicated urology center & dialysis center.

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