Neurology is a medical specialty dedicated to diagnosing and treating disorders related to the nervous system – such as those impacting brain, spinal cord, peripheral nerves and muscles – including their neurological constituents: brain, spinal cord, peripheral nerves and muscles. Neurologists are doctors with advanced training who specialize in managing neurological conditions of various kinds.

Neurologist Role:

some common areas within neurology include:

  • Neurological Disorders: Neurologists specialize in diagnosing and treating various neurological conditions such as epilepsy, multiple sclerosis, Alzheimer’s disease, Parkinson’s disease, stroke and migraine – among many others.
  • Neuromuscular Disorders: Neuromuscular disorders affect both muscles and their nerves that control them, including muscular dystrophy, myasthenia gravis and amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS). These illnesses fall under this umbrella category.
  • Movement Disorders: Movement disorders affect one’s ability to control their body movement. Conditions like Parkinson’s, Huntington’s disease and essential tremor should all be managed by neurologists.
  • Neurovascular Disorders: Neurologists also treat conditions related to blood vessels within the brain and spinal cord, such as aneurysms, arteriovenous malformations and stroke.
  • Neurogenetics: Neurogenetics refers to the study of genetic factors related to neurological diseases, providing insights into potential causes and treatments of various conditions.
  • Neurocritical Care: Neurocritical care refers to the management of patients suffering from life-threatening neurological conditions in intensive care environments.
  • Neuroimaging: Neurologists use various imaging technologies, including MRI and CT scans, to visualize the nervous system and assist in diagnosis.
  • Electrodiagnostic Testing: Electromyography (EMG) and nerve conduction studies provide diagnostic assessments of nerves and muscles to ensure their functionality.
  • Neuropsychiatry: Some neurologists specialize in the intersection between neuroscience and psychiatry, in cases in which neurological and psychological symptoms overlap.
  • Headache Medicine: Specialists in this area specialize in diagnosing and treating various headache disorders, such as migraines or tension headaches.


Neurologists work with people of all ages – from young children to the elderly – and often collaborate with a range of healthcare professionals such as neurosurgeons, physical therapists, occupational therapists and psychologists in providing comprehensive care. Neurologists may also participate in research initiatives in order to increase our knowledge about neurological conditions or develop treatments.


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Sanyra Hospital is a leading Multi-Speciality Hospital in Kengeri Bangalore and diagnostic centre. With a commitment to providing high-quality healthcare services, it offers a wide range of medical specialties and advanced diagnostic facilities to meet the diverse healthcare needs of the community. We have dedicated urology center & dialysis center.

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