Plastic and reconstructive surgery

Plastic and reconstructive surgery:

Plastic and reconstructive surgery is a branch of medicine focused on reconstructive surgeries performed to restore, alter, or enhance various parts of the body in terms of appearance and functionality. The field can be divided into two broad categories; plastic surgery (P) and reconstructive (R). Often there can be overlap between them both;

Plastic Surgery:

Plastic surgery deals primarily with aesthetic or elective procedures meant to enhance an individual’s physical appearance, including plastic surgeons who offer various procedures that aim at this end. They may offer;

  • Facial procedures: Facelifts, rhinoplasty (nose reshaping), eyelid surgery and brow lifts.
  • Breast Surgery: Breast augmentation, reduction, lifting and reconstruction procedures can be performed successfully.
  • Body Contouring: Liposuction, tummy tucks, body lifts and other methods used to reshape various areas are used as means for body contouring procedures.
  • Non-Surgical Procedures: Botox injections and dermal fillers can provide noninvasive ways of improving facial features by smoothing wrinkles away and smoothing fine lines and folds.

Reconstructive Surgery:

Reconstructive surgery involves reconstructing body parts damaged due to injury, disease or congenital anomalies. Common procedures in reconstructive surgeries are:

  • Breast Reconstruction: Reconstructive procedures may be performed following mastectomy for breast cancer treatment.
  • Trauma Reconstruction: Repairing damage caused by accidents or injuries such as facial fractures to restore functionality to damaged tissue.
  • Burn Surgery: Treating burns while restoring function and appearance.
  • Hand Surgery: Repairing congenital hand deformities and treating injuries with surgery.
  • Microsurgery: Reconnecting small blood vessels and nerves for complex reconstruction purposes.


Plastic and reconstructive surgeons often collaborate with other healthcare providers such as oncologists, orthopedic surgeons and dermatologists in providing patients with comprehensive care. Plastic surgery covers an expansive spectrum of elective and medically necessary procedures; therefore plastic surgeons typically possess skills for both cosmetic and reconstructive surgeries depending on each patient’s unique requirements and the nature of conditions being addressed by these procedures. Overall well-being of their patients through improved appearance, function and self-esteem improvement is what this field strives for.


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