Hypogonadism is a condition affecting gonad function, causing reduced production of sex hormones like testosterone and estrogen. It can also decrease other hormones secreted by the gonads, potentially leading to infertility. In 2020, the American College of Physicians established clinical guidelines for adult men with low testosterone levels, including patient discussions and intramuscular treatments.


Primary hypogonadism, caused by genetic disorders, affects testes or ovaries, while secondary hypogonadism affects the pituitary gland, regulating sex hormone production.



  1. Libido and erectile is reduced
  2. Muscle mass and strength is decreased
  3. Energy level is reduced
  4. Reduced fertility
  5. Hair loss
  6. Decreased of facial hair growth
  7. Enlargement of breast tissues
  8. Depression and irritability


  1. Absent of menstrual cycle
  2. Reduced libido
  3. Dryness found in vagina
  4. Loss of breast fullness
  5. Hot flashes
  6. Mood swings and emotional well being



Healthcare providers evaluate patients for hormonal imbalances like hypogonadism, which can cause reduced libido, erectile dysfunction, menstrual irregularities, fatigue, and mood changes. Blood tests are crucial for diagnosis. Treatment includes hormone replacement therapy, lifestyle changes, and addressing underlying conditions. Seeking evaluation and guidance from a healthcare professional is essential.


Hormone Replacement Therapy (HRT) improves male hypogonadism by improving energy, mood, sexual function, and bone density, while estrogen replacement therapy addresses menopausal symptoms and overall well-being. Collaborating with healthcare providers is crucial for personalized treatment plans and monitoring hormone levels.


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